Ink

Between Two Tides - Ridgefield Connecticut

Between Two Tides – Ridgefield Connecticut 2008

Originally made from crushed galls from oak trees, water, vitriol (iron sulfate) and gum arabic from acacia trees, iron gall ink is one of the earliest inks used for writing and drawing. Iron gall ink supplanted previously used carbon based inks which tended to smudge when touched. Iron gall ink has a long history, being used by Leonardo da Vinci, Bach, Rembrandt and the founding fathers of the United States.

In her show, Between Two Tides, Kathy’s studies of tidal marine life show her range of using iron gall ink from soft textures to crisp hard edges, capturing both the quality of light and the details of structure found in tidal zones.